Frankenstein Volume 3
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"I had feelings of affection, and they were requited by detestation and scorn. Man! You may hate, but beware! Your hours will pass in dread and misery, and soon the bolt will fall which must ravish from you your happiness forever. Are you to be happy while I grovel in the intensity of my wretchedness? You can blast my other passions, but revenge remains — revenge, henceforth dearer than light or food! I may die, but first you, my tyrant and tormentor, shall curse the sun that gazes on your misery. Beware, for I am fearless and therefore powerful." (172)





The Murder of Henry Clerval

  • He is Victor's Foil- "But in Clerval I saw the image of my former self; he was inquisitive and anxious to gain experience and instruction"(163)
  • Clerval is Victor's only intellectual companion
  • Clerval is the portrayal of an ideal Romantic: fond of nature, fascinated with other cultures, poetic, kindhearted, giving and not selfish
    • Fascinated with other cultures-"His design was to visit India in the knowledge of its various languages, and in the views he has taken of its society..."(163)
  • There were suspense built before his death was mentioned:
    • "Pardon this gush of sorrow; these ineffectual words are but a slight tribute to the unexampled worth of Henry but they sooth my heart"(162)
    • "I thought of Elizabeth, of my father, and of Clerval; all left behind, on whom the monster might satisfy his sanguinary and merciless passions"(176)
    • "...when I saw the lifeless form of Henry Clerval stretched before me. I gasped for breath; and, throwing myself on the body, I exclaimed, "Have my murderous machinations deprived you also, my dearest Henry, of life?"(181)
    • This quote illustrates Victor's perception of Henry's death: dumbfounded, grief-stricken, shocked.
  • Everyone wants a companion and in order to "get back" at Victor, the Wretch murdered his only intellectual friend, thus making Victor lonely just like himself.



The Slaughter of Elizabeth Lavenza

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Victor and his lover, Elizabeth.

  • "It is well. I go; but remember, i shall be with you on your wedding night." (173)
    • This quote by the Wretch foreshadows the impending doom upon the newlyweds.
  • Elizabeth was Victor's prize possession
  • She was his source of friendship and love throughout his life.
    • "One consolation for my unparalleled sufferings; it was the prospect of that day when, enfranchised from my miserable slavery, I might claim Elizabeth, and forget the past in union with her."(158)
  • Her death was tragic, bringing despair and heartache along with it.
    • "I hung over [her corpse], and joined my sad tears to theirs-all this time no distinct idea presented itself to my mind; by my thoughts rambled to various subjects, reflecting confusedly on my misfortunes and their cause. I was bewildered, in a cloud of wonder and horror." (200)
  • Elizabeth's death represented how desperately the Wretch wanted a partner. The Wretch's mindset was if he himself could not have a female companion, neither could Victor.




The Death of Alfonse Frankenstein

  • Alfonse Frankenstein, father of Victor Frankenstein, was a wealthy man who suffered from grief which lead to his demise.
  • He was overwhelmed by sorrow and misery due to the loss of his daughter(Elizabeth), wife(Caroline), and youngest son(William); not to mention the circumstances Victor faced: he was blamed for the murder of Henry Clerval.
    • "Cursed be the fiend that brought misery on his grey hairs, and doomed him to waste in wretchedness! He could not live under the horrors that were accumulated around him;"(201)
    • Victor seems to blame the Wretch for the pain and suffering his father is experiencing.
  • Finally, the pain and sorrow was too much for the old man to bare so he died in his son's hands,the same hands he created the wretch with, which was responsible for the death of his father in the first place.
    • "he was unable to rise from his bed, and in a few days he died in my arms."(202)
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Victor's Speech

  • Victor comments about how he was going to be extraordinary one day. He says, "When younger, I believed myself destined for some great enterprise." (214)

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    • The fact that Victor uses the pronoun "I" implies his desire for sympathy from Walton.


  • Because of this creation of this monster demolished his once successful future, " This thought that supported me in the commencement of my career, now serves only to plunge me lower in the dust." (214)
  • "All my speculations and hopes are as nothing; and, like the archangel who aspired to omnipotence, I am chained to an eternal hell." (214)
    • He compares himself to Satan in his speech, saying that he has fallen from grace. His eternal hell is being forever alone in this world, knowing that his creation killed his loved ones.
      • "Despondency rarely visited my heart; a high destiny seemed to bear me on, until I fell, never, never again to rise." (214) This quote re-illustrates the idea that he has fallen from grace.
  • Victor devotes the rest of his life to obliterating his daemon.
    • "I must pursue and destroy the being to whom I gave existence; then my lot on earth will be fulfilled, and I may die." (215)

  • The creator dies before accomplishing his goal of ridding the world of this awful wretch. All he really desires now is to abolish this blasted being.Even his last words are dedicated to Walton to carry out his mission.
    • "When actuated by selfish and vicious motives, I asked you to undertake my unfinished work; and I renew this request now, when I am only induced by reason and virtue." (220)
  • The overall tone of this speech was heroic in the sense that he was willing to sacrifice the rest of his life and even further (Walton's life) to the destruction of the wretched being.


The Wretch's Final Words

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The slaughter of innocent Elizabeth

  • Contrary to the tone of Victor's final speech, the wretch's final words expressed a tone of sorrow and remorse.e was truly sad that he committed such heinous actions and although he blames society for alienating him he does take full responsibility
      • " After the murder of Clerval, I returned to Switzerland, heart-broken and overcome. I pitied Frankenstein; my pity amounted to horror: I abhorred myself." (222)
  • It shows that he really has a conscience, since he is able to feel bad later on about ruining Victor's life. He actually has become a human.
    • "Do you think that I was then dead to agony and remorse?" (222)
  • He was originally an amiable and pristine creature, but when everyone in the world hated him he decided to get revenge on humanity, specifically Frankenstein, for what they'd done to him
    • "My heart was fashioned to be susceptible of love and sympathy; and when wrenched by misery to vice and hatred, it did not endure the violence of the change, without torture such as you cannot even imagine." (222)
  • "No sympathy may I ever find. When I first sought it, it was the love of virtue, the feelings of happiness and affection with which my whole being overflowed, that I wished to be participated, But now, the virtue has become to me a shadow, and that happiness and affection are turned into bitter and loathing despair, in what should I seek for sympathy?" (223)
    • Shelley continues to try to instill in the reader the fact that the wretch started out as a good being, and was corrupted by the evil nature of man to do such bad things.
  • He decides to exile himself as a punishment for all the things he has done.
    • "Neither yours nor any man's death is needed to consummate the series of my being, and accomplish that which must be done; but it requires my own." (224)
  • In summation, the wretch is taking it upon himself to face the retribution associated with the actions he has committed.



Miscellaneous:

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Mount Blanc

Narratology

  • Narrative is flashback through Victor's memory
  • The narration returns to epistolary style(Walton's Letters) bringing the novel to a full circle.
    • Both Victor and the wretch have a theme of revenge in their narrative speeches.
    • They are both wretched and lonely.

Nature

  • Nature is used to foreshadow future events within the novel.
    • There was a great storm on the night of Elizabeth's death. "The wind, which had fallen in the south, now rose with great violence in the west. The moon had reached her summit in the heavens and was beginning to descend;... Suddenly a heavy storm of rain descended."(198)
      • The wind represents an ominous change that is about transpire.
      • The absence of the moon embodies the darkness that is about to transcend upon Victor's life.
      • The rain signifies the repeating dreary conditions to when the wretch was conceived.






So.... how did this wiki make you guys feel? :) aha